Under the increasing pressure of global warming, new management options in rice farming can help to adjust to changing climatic conditions as well as mitigate the contribution of rice production to climate change. The ‘Low Carbon Development’ subtopic (Subtopic B1) explores and assesses management techniques with a reduced carbon footprint.
Many of those techniques also exhibit adaptation features. The water-saving technique alternate wetting and drying (AWD) for instance does not only significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions but it is also an adaptation measure for water-scarce environments. Decision Support Tools (Subtopic B2) are being developed to disseminate climate-smart techniques at suitable locations (see the CIRCLE manager as one example). Finally, guidelines and protocols for Measurement, Reporting and Verification (Subtopic B3) are being established in order to come up with globally comparable evaluation tools.